Broadband, Cellular Operators New Challenge?

Wednesday, May 25, 2011 Label:
Not so long to get additional 3G frequencies of 5 MHz, Telkomsel has filed an additional 2.1 Ghz frequency of 5 MHz to the government. Apparently the development of mobile data services growth has driven rapid Telkomsel to propose the addition of new frequencies.
With the support of adequate frequency, an operator such as Telkomsel will be able to provide adequate broadband services as well. At least, with a new frequency Telkomsel can increase the capacity, so as to improve also the quality of broadband service that is now developing into the basic needs of the community.
''After the basic telecommunication services such as telephone and short message are met, the needs of the community will rise to the need for data-centric services. Broadband will become a basic need of society,''said President Director of Telkomsel, Sarwoto Atmosutarno.
Anticipating this kind of transformation, Telkomsel had long been anticipated. In terms of technology, for example, Telkomsel has upgraded its network and implement the latest technology. Starting from the implementation of 3G, HSDPA, HSPA + technology to trial Long Term Evolution (LTE).
The latest technology which is implemented not only offer new services, but also have greater capacity and operating costs more efficiently. In the end, customers will obtain the latest service, better quality with a more affordable rate.
Furthermore, to expand Telkomsel's service also build new infrastructure, given the limited transmission network to support broadband services. In the last two years, SingTel has been able to develop broadband City in 25 cities. The plan, until the end of 2011, Telkomsel will build 40 broadband city in Indonesia.
Broadband is the middle of the center of attention. Large investments are allocated to support the development of broadband. Sarwoto revealed that in 2011, Telkomsel allocate capital spending 1.1 billion dollars, or around Rp 10.9 trillion. ''As many as 60 percent of which is allocated to the development of broadband,''said Sarwoto.
Telkomsel's capital expenditure allocated for the development of broadband, it is much higher than the total capital expenditure of two major cellular operators in Indonesia. This year's capital spending two operators, each about 500 million U.S. dollars. This phenomenon has, inevitably, describe how serisunya Telkomsel working on this sector.
Broadband has long been a roadmap Telkomsel. The initial phase was developed 40 broadband city. But learning from experience, this program did not stop in 40 cities only. There is a possibility Telkomsel to expand to other cities in accordance with the needs and the availability of support infrastructure in the city concerned.
Interestingly, the development of broadband services is not only focused on big cities in Java, or the potential cities in Western Indonesia alone. Telkomsel also give attention to the development of broadband to eastern part of Indonesia.
These efforts, among others, to increase capacity broadband network that connects Java-Makassar-Ambon, Papua, using satellite transmission IDR (intermediate data rate) in 2009. ZAR an option because to this area of ​​connection is not supported fiber optic cable or terrestrial transmission. Through this approach, Telkomsel get additional capacity of 930 Mbps.
With the addition of capacity, SingTel hopes the addition of capacity to improve quality and network capacity so that target high performance broadband network can be achieved. In short what could be enjoyed by customers in the western region of Indonesia can also be enjoyed by people in other regions.
Along with the addition of capacity, Telkomsel make changes to the system connection from the connection type based on bundling connections E1 switch to STM-1 (Synchrounuse Transfer Mode 1). Or STM1 equivalent to 63 E1 or 155 Mbps. Application link in the form of internet protocol-based STM1, noted as the first in the world. In order to support broadband in the region, prepared six Telkomsel STM1 links. For each STM1 need the support of two satellite transponders. In this program, using three satellites.
Still in the East region, together with its parent Telkomsel, Telkom Indonesia has built fiber optic network in Bali and Nusa Tenggara region, from Denpasar to Kupang. New transmission can be used at the beginning of this year. The availability of new infrastructure, of course, can dinimati society, business and government circles, both for personal needs, support for the improvement of institutional performance and increased service to the community.
Internet is the middle of a boom in Indonesia. Access limitations, making use of the Internet in Indonesia is different than in most countries. When in many countries generally use the Internet begins with using personal computer and then evolved into portable devices like cell phones and tablet, in Indonesia, which happened just the opposite. People know the Internet from your phone and start using the first time by utilizing the mobile phone owned.
Naturally, if the operators like Telkomsel focus on mobile Internet services. ''The growth of mobile service users is very high. Currently about 40 percent of Telkomsel, or about 40 million subscribers using the service. That number will continue to increase. This is a challenge for us in providing data services,''said Sarwoto.
The need for data service called Sarwoto inevitable, because the communication patterns of mobile service subscribers also been amended. For example, a shift in the use of short messages such as SMS to instant messaging. This situation, inevitably, encourage Telkomsel transformation.
''We started to leave thinking about how minute of usage customers or how many customers SMS traffic. Now we are thinking how much bandwidth should be prepared for each customer. How many bits speed required by the average customer. This is a new challenge. We are optimistic that SingTel is able to face the challenge,''said Sarwoto later.
On the other side, broadband also supports Telkomsel's transformation into the beyond by providing telecommunication services based on the data. Broadband also enables SingTel to develop new bussines more optimally, such as sky digital mobile music service, Telkomsel Cash mobile wallet and mobile advertising. There are many things you can do. Edges revenue increases and contribution to State revenue will increase as well.
Not just think about the capacity and speed, according Sarwoto Telkomsel is also faced with the question of transmission. Transmission''is very limited. We have to prepare a large investment to be able to provide broadband services,''he said. The issue becomes complicated when operators like Telkomsel should count because according Sarwoto matter of revenue,''the data service rate tends to decrease that margin also continued to erode, while we have to allocate a significant investment to support this service.''
Investment and revenue seems to be a dilemma for the telecommunications industry in Indonesia, from time to time. In this situation the government should intervene. ''Making broadband as a public service obligation would have a positive effect for the acceleration of broadband in Indonesia,''said Sarwoto
PSO is only one solution. There are other approaches that could be developed, such as realizing the ICT Fund, or give incentives to operators who seriously build a broadband network. Incentives referred among others to free the operator to pay annual dues of universal service obligation.
Model PSO has been applied in many countries, like Singapore and Malaysia. Through this policy the local government can formulate what minimum bandwidth that must be provided for each family, including the possibility of future development. In Singapore, for example, each family received an allocation 250 Mb and was upgraded to 1 GB.
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